Brain injuries can cause physical and cognitive issues after a vehicle accident. Brain injuries are varied. Others are more serious, but all can affect both your mental and physical well-being. After an automobile crash, you may be eligible for compensation for medical bills, missed wages, and other losses. Make sure you learn more about it by reading on or contacting a local accident lawyer. Finding the best brain and spine injury lawyer is crucial if you or a loved one has suffered such an injury due to someone else’s negligence.
Common Car Accident Head and Brain Damage Accidental brain injuries include:
- Most mild brain injuries are concussions. They typically develop in car accidents, especially when someone strikes their head on the inside or is hit by a flying item. Concussions affect brain function for days to weeks or longer.
- Brain bruises—Contusions—can form when the brain hits the skull after a crash. Contusions can mimic concussions. Contusions can heal on their own, but severe occurrences can cause bleeding and blood clots that can be fatal.
- Coup-contrecoup injuries– A coup-contrecoup contusion occurs when the brain hits the skull, recoils, and hits the other side. Both brain sides are injured.
- Hematomas, or blood clots, vary based on their location. Hematomas self-heal. They can also cause strokes.
- Hemorrhages—also known as brain bleeds—are uncontrolled brain blood vessel bleeding. Car crashes can burst blood arteries, causing hemorrhages. In severe cases, surgery may be needed to control bleeding and reduce head pressure from edema and fluid buildup.
- Infection-induced brain swelling is encephalitis. Infected open-head injuries can cause encephalitis.
- Aneurysms – A brain blood artery weakens and swells like a blister. This can pressurize brain tissue. Untreated aneurysms can burst, causing uncontrollable brain bleeding. Car crashes can impair brain blood vessel walls.
- Hydrocephalus – Pressure on brain tissue from fluid buildup in and around the brain can produce temporary or chronic symptoms. Hydrocephalus can result from automobile accident brain injury.
- Hypoxic brain damage occurs when the blood and oxygen supply to the brain is diminished. Anoxic brain damage occurs when blood and oxygen flow stop. If a person is trapped or entangled, goes into respiratory or cardiac arrest, or inhales smoke or carbon monoxide from a vehicle fire, hypoxic or anoxic brain damage may follow.
- Diffuse axonal injuries – Car crashes jolt the brain, shredding nerve cells. A vehicle crash victim may suffer lasting physical and cognitive damage.
- Skull fractures—also known as open-head injuries—can occur when someone involved in a crash hits their skull on anything inside the car, is struck in the head by a foreign object, or is thrown from the automobile and impacts their head on the ground. Penetrating head injuries can harm brain tissue.
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