How does a pacemaker save a human heart?

A pacemaker is a device that helps to control the irregularities of the heartbeat of a human body. The device is implanted under the chest skin. This surgery is not a major one, and it only takes less than 2 hours. The short surgical procedure helps to recover from an arrhythmia condition. Now radiation-free techniques are used for this minor surgery. Dr Ajita kanthan is a well-known personality in the field of pacemaker implantation in Australia. Dr Ajita kanthan put all his efforts to find a new method that is a radiation-free technique. It is several times better than a traditional implantation procedure.

All we know, the heart is an essential human organ that plays a central role in a circular system that pumps blood through vessels. The blood which passes through the heart contains oxygen and nutrients that the human body wants. The human heart size is the same as the size of a human fist. The sinoatrial node plays a vital role in the functioning of the heart. The blood rhythmically pumps through the body. This sinoatrial node generates a current that determines the contraction of the heart valve. 

The improper working of the heart leads to cardiovascular disease. The regular heartbeat of a human body is 72 beats per minute, and Loss of this rhythm is a severe heart condition called arrhythmia. This will make the heartbeat too slow or faster in an uneven way. Dizziness, palpitations, Breathlessness is the common symptoms that an arrhythmia patient has. The severe symptoms will lead to a heart attack. We can recover from this by a pacemaker implantation surgery. In Australia, there are so many hospitals that do pacemaker implantation surgery in a more advanced method. Taking an ECG will help to understand the current health situation and treatment depends on the condition. The pacemaker is a tiny electrical device that senses the abnormal conditions of the heart then sends a signal to the heart to become normal. This minor surgery will start after giving sedation. A pacemaker is a battery controlled device. The battery has a long life of about 6 to 15 years. We can check the battery and replace it when needed. The pacemaker can record some dangerous health states, including heart performance. The device itself can adjust the electrical impulse according to the acquired information.

Procedure for the implantation

Before doing surgery, the doctor checks the complete medical history of a person and his health conditions. If his body fits for the operation, then they agreed to do it. According to this, it requires a blood test. And there are some formalities like signing and filling of forms. An intravenous drip inserted into the patient’s vein before surgery will give a slow sleep. Then an injection inserted through the vein below the collarbone. With this needle, the doctor threads the wires, which are controlled by the pacemaker. An x-ray imaging system is used to take a live picture of the surgery and monitor it. After fixing the wires the doctor will make a small cut and pacemaker, its battery inserted into it. After the surgery, the doctor will stitch the wound and take an ECG for testing. After the surgery, the patients are not allowed to leave the hospital, Because the doctors want to check the proper working of the pacemaker.

Risks of having pacemakers

1.There will be a chance for infection 

2.Allergic problems due to anaesthesia

3.Bleeding at the implanted side

After all the implantation, the patient avoids close contact with magnetic resonance imaging and other big magnetic fields. The magnetic field will badly affect the proper functioning of the pacemaker. The pacemakers are replaced if the battery or pulse generator has an issue.

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