LiFePO4 (Lithium iron phosphate) is a type of rechargeable battery based on lithium-ion chemistry. Here, iron phosphate is used as a cathode material and graphite carbon electrode with metallic coating as an anode. LiFePO4 is built from lithium iron phosphate. Other batteries in this category include
- Lithium nickel cobalt aluminum oxide
- Lithium cobalt oxide
- Lithium titanate
Lithium was first discovered by Swedish Chemist A. Arfweson in 1817. Later with several experiments, chemists discovered the best combination of lithium for batteries. The first LiFePO4 battery was first born in 1996 at the University of Texas. These batteries are now the safest among all other batteries.
LiFePO4 VS Lithium-Ion Batteries
LiFePO4 batteries are better than lithium-ion and other available batteries in the market. The reason why these batteries are better is the longer cycle life of LiFePO4batteies. The cycle life of a LiFePO4 battery is 4X more than that of a lithium-ion battery.
Unlike other batteries, the LiFePO4 battery can reach 100% DOD (depth of discharge). It means that with a LiFePO4 battery, you do not have to worry about discharging your battery. These batteries are used for a longer period. Due to these qualities, these batteries can be used for many years and thus decreases the average cost over time.
These batteries are best for the solar system, RVs, electric motorcycles, bass boats, etc, so far.
Safety and Stability
Recently, there was various news about exploding of lithium-ion batteries. This news increases the concerns about the stability and safety of batteries. Luckily, we have LiFePO4 batteries. These are the safest batteries of all other available batteries.
Efficiency and Performance
Many people are looking for safe and reliable batteries. Batteries that perform under most conditions. These characteristics are covered by only LiFePO4 batteries. These batteries are the safest batteries available on market and have a longer life.
LiFePO4 batteries charge faster than any other battery. They require less than 2 hours to be fully charged.
When these batteries are not used, the self-discharge rate is very low as compared to other batteries. The self-discharge rate of LiFePO4 battery is only 2% per month while lead acetate battery has a self-discharge rate of 18% per month.
Another important feature is continuous supply. These batteries prevent power outages caused by grid failures and provide a stable supply of power. They provide stable power even when the charging is below 30%.
LiFePO4 batteries do not require any active maintenance to increase their lifetime. Due to the low discharge rate they can be stored for a longer period. LiFePO4 batteries require maintenance after being used for years.
LiFePO4 batteries can tolerate a high-temperature range. These batteries can be operated in various temperature ranges which makes them good for various applications. These batteries can also be used under extreme conditions. LiFePO4 battery is the best option for the application that exhaust the batteries and for the application that runs in extreme weather conditions.
Various factors are considered during the manufacturing of LiFePO4 batteries. These batteries weigh 60% lighter than any other lead acetate battery and 45% more than lithium magnesium ion battery. These are the lightest batteries available on the market. These batteries are used in bicycles and motorcycles as they are compact, light-weight, and free up space.
These batteries are used in various industries, schools, colleges, hospitals, and other offices where a continuous supply of power is essential. These batteries are preferred over others because their maintenance is easy and performance is better.
Battery for automatic cars
The automatic cars use a stop start battery. The function of this battery is to automatically start or stop the engine when it is stationary. When the breaks are applied, this battery itself starts the engine. Only automatic cars have this option.