In the Protista kingdom, algae are single-celled species. They are the protists who, by photosynthesis, can produce food.
Therefore, the algae have chloroplasts to collect light energy and react to the sugar. While variations in the types of pigments in some algae are possible compared to plants, the photosynthesis of the pigments can be different.
For example, the chlorophyll a and c in their chloroplasts are mainly present in red algae and chlorophyll a and b are present in green algae, like plants ไม้มงคล.
The plant species or spermatophytes are the biggest crops in the world containing gymnosperms and angiosperms (flowering plants).
Plants such as pines that shape seeds within a hard pine cone include coniferous plants. The pollen produced by these plants is also dispersed by wind. Flora plants are mature plants with the most evolved methods of pollination and seed production.
In this community of plants, a seed is produced for the first time, which has survived until favorable germination conditions. There are many changes to life on earth, including seed germination, pollen formation, and mature vascular systems.
Which of these characteristics is shared by algae and seed plants?
Until relatively recent times, all photosynthetic eukaryotes have been classified as Plantae. The stance of green algae is vague. Let’s discuss some characteristics shared by Green Algae and seed plants.
Both plants and algae are photosynthetic. Eukaryotes made up of cells with special components are often regarded as being used. Both prepare their food.
In their cells, all algae and seed plants produce chloroplast. Algae, like plants in their kingdom plants, are photoautotrophic protists. Green algae have the same carotenoids and chlorophyll a and b levels as land plants.
In the course of photosynthesizing, both algae and seed plants use light energy to produce sugar. The organelles contained in the cell that comprise the pigments and enzymes needed for photosynthesis include chloroplasts.
Algar and plants both have the same life cycle where generations alternate. To ensure genetic diversity, plants and some algae types are meiosis, which is a division of reproductive cells. · They both contain gametes for both men and women so that they are fertilized.
Both of them are subject to photosynthesis. This means both have chlorophyll and both have their food. That indicates both are autotrophic. Green algae and seed plants have photosynthetic pigments.
In terms of material and the kind of cellular activities that take place, the structural composition of green algae cells and plants is identical. Both types of cells have 20 to 25% cellulose in their membrane walls. The cells of Green algae and seed plant’s life are also packed with special thylakoid membranes containing chlorophyll that absorbs light. The cell wall is present in both algae and plants is made up of cellulose.
The processes of the metabolism of plants are meant to transform light energy into glucose as a fuel for the plant. These activities exist within the species of green algae.
Plants and algae can flourish in water, and they share this characteristic. But algae only grow in water, while plants grow in soil or water, based on their species. In aquaculture and terrestrial ecosystems, algae and plants can also live.
Green algae cells divide together across cell plates called phragmoplasts, and their cell walls are textured with cellulose in the same way that embryophytes’ cell walls are. As a result, land plants (embryophytes) and closely related green algae (Charophyta) are now classified as part of a new monophyletic group known as Streptophyta.
Land plants are a monocot group that descended from a shared ancestor with charophyte green algae.
Green algae have the same carotenoids and chlorophyll a and b as land plants, whereas other algae have different accessory pigments and chlorophyll molecule types in addition to chlorophyll a. Carbohydrates are also stored as starch in both green algae and land plants.
Charophytes, like plant species, have chlorophyll a and b, store carbs as starch, have cellulose cell walls, and go through similar cellular functions.
Charophytes have reproductive systems that are distinct from those of other algae.
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